Glaucoma Demystified: 10 Vital Insights!

By  Befitbu Health Desk           May 11, 2024

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Leading Cause of Vision Loss


Glaucoma is a top cause of irreversible vision loss globally, gradually damaging the optic nerve connecting the eye to the brain.

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Silent Thief of Sight


Glaucoma progresses stealthily, often without symptoms until late stages, underscoring the importance of early detection and treatment.

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Intraocular Pressure


While high intraocular pressure (IOP) is a significant risk factor, not all with elevated IOP develop glaucoma, highlighting other contributing factors.

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Types of Glaucoma


Variants like primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), angle-closure, and secondary glaucoma have distinct characteristics and causes.

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Risk Factors


Age, family history, ethnicity, elevated IOP, thin corneas, diabetes, and certain medications increase glaucoma risk.

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Diagnostic Tests


Diagnosis involves IOP measurement, optic nerve assessment, visual field testing, and imaging like optical coherence tomography.

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Treatment Options


Lowering IOP to prevent nerve damage includes eye drops, medications, laser therapy, and surgery.

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Lifestyle Adjustments


Lifestyle changes such as exercise, weight management, no smoking, and managing conditions like diabetes and hypertension can aid in glaucoma management.

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Regular Monitoring


Ongoing eye exams are crucial to track disease progression, adjust treatment, and maintain visual function and quality of life.

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Vision Support Services


Vision rehabilitation and support groups offer assistance for managing vision loss, daily tasks, and preserving independence, emphasizing early intervention and proactive care.

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