Understanding the Deadly Disease

Nipah Virus 

The Nipah virus was first identified in 1998 in Malaysia during an outbreak among pig farmers and is named after the village of Sungai Nipah.


Nipah is transmitted from bats to humans through the consumption of contaminated fruits or direct contact with infected animals.


Symptoms of Nipah virus infection include fever, headache, dizziness, and can progress to coma within 24-48 hours.


Nipah has a high mortality rate, with up to 75% of infected individuals succumbing to the disease.

    High Mortality

There is no specific antiviral treatment for Nipah, making supportive care critical in managing the disease.

  No Specific Treatment

Prevention strategies include avoiding contact with bats, refraining from consuming raw date palm sap, and maintaining good hygiene.


Nipah outbreaks have occurred in several countries in Asia, leading to global health concerns due to its potential for human-to-human transmission.

     Global Concern

Ongoing research aims to develop a vaccine for Nipah virus, as well as improved diagnostic tools.


Combating Nipah requires a "One Health" approach, involving collaboration between human and animal health sectors to mitigate the risk of outbreaks.

    One Health Approach 

Notable Nipah outbreaks include those in Bangladesh and India, highlighting the ongoing need for vigilance and research into this deadly virus.

    Recent Outbreaks

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